- Abbreviation for external obliques, the muscles to either
side of abdominals that rotate and flex the trunk.
- Exercises used in competition other than snatch and
clean and jerk, such as squats, bench presses, and barbell
- A special type of barbell used in weightlifting and
power lifting competitions, but also used by bodybuilders
in heavy basic exercises such as squats, bench presses,
barbell bent rows, standing barbell curls, standing barbell
presses, and dead lifts. An Olympic barbell sans collars
weighs 45 pounds, and each collar weighs five pounds.
- The type of weightlifting competition contested at the
Olympic Games every four years, as well as at national
and international competitions each year. Two lifts (the
snatch and the clean and jerk) are contested in a wide
variety of weight classes.
- Slang denoting skin with very low percentage of subcutaneous
fat which helps accentuate muscularity.
- The best possible nutrition; distinct from merely adequate
nutrition, which is characterized by no overt deficiency.
This term describes people free from marginal deficiencies,
imbalances, and toxicities, and who are not at risk for
- Applying a greater load than normal to a muscle to increase