- A band or cord of strong, fibrous tissue that connects
muscles to bone.
- A muscle's ability to contract dependent upon its length,
or degree of contraction. A muscle can contract more forcefully
when it is slightly stretched. Muscle generates maximal
concentric tension at a length 1.2 times its resting length.
Beyond this length, active tension decreases due to insufficient
sarcomere overlap. A muscle tension becomes weaker as
it nears complete contraction.
- The male hormone primarily responsible for the maintenance
of muscle mass and strength induced by heavy training.
Testosterone is secondarily responsible for developing
such secondary male sex characteristics as a deep voice,
body hair, and male pattern baldness.
See MUSCLE TONE.
- Increase in functional capacity of muscles as result
of increased (overload) placed upon them.
- Cotton or leather straps wrapped around wrists, then
under and over a bar held by clenched hands to aid in
certain lifts (rowing, chin-ups, shrugs, dead lifts, cleans,
etc.) where you might lose your grip before working muscle
to desired capacity-
Training to Failure
- Continuing a set until it is impossible to complete
another rep without assistance.
- A plane perpendicular to the longitudinal axis. It divides
the body crosswise into superior (cranial) and inferior
- Abbreviation for trapezius muscles, the largest muscles
of the back and neck that draw head backward and rotate
– A muscle that can move three joints.
- To gain hard muscular appearance by losing body fat.
- Alternating back and forth between 3 exercises until
prescribed number of sets is completed.