- A vertical plane through the longitudinal axis dividing
the body into left and right portions.
- These are "bad" fats. They are called saturated
because they contain no open spots on their carbon skeletons.
These bad fats have been shown to raise cholesterol levels
in the body. Sources of these fats include animal foods
and hydrogenated vegetable oils, such as margarine.
Group of reps (lifting and lowering a weight) of an exercise
after which you take a brief rest period. For example,
if you complete 10 reps, set the weight down, complete
eight more reps, set the weight down again, and repeat
for six more reps, you have completed three sets of the
- Muscle cells that contract slowly, are resistant to
fatigue and are utilized in endurance activities such
as long-distance running, cycling or swimming.
- Olympic lift where weight is lifted from floor to overhead,
(with arms extended) in one continuous movement (see also
CLEAN AND JERK).
Assist if called upon by someone performing an exercise.
- Person who watches a partner closely to see if any help
is needed during a specific exercise.
- A muscle that contracts with no significant movement.
- Prescription drugs which mimic male hormones, but without
most of the androgenic side effects of actual testosterone.
Many bodybuilders use these dangerous drugs to help increase
muscle mass and strength.
- A stalling out of bodybuilding progress.
- Groups of repetitions (SETS) interrupted by only brief
pauses (30-90 seconds).
- The ability of a muscle to produce maximum amount of
- Using resistance weight training to build maximum muscle
Stretching - A type of exercise program in which you assume
exaggerated postures that stretch muscles, joints, and
connective tissues, hold these positions for several seconds,
relax and then repeat the postures. Regular stretching
exercise promotes body flexibility.
- Tears (slight scars) in skin caused if muscle or fat
tissue has expanded in volume faster than skin can grow.
- Grooves or ridge marks seen under the skin, the ultimate
degree of muscle definition.
- Alternating back and forth between two exercises until
the prescribed number of sets is complete.
– External rotation resulting in appendage facing
- This is a term used to describe a preparation such as
a tablet, pill, or powder that contains nutrients. Supplements
are used to help you achieve optimal nutrient intake.
- The shape or general outline of a person's body, as
when seen in silhouette. If you have good symmetry, you
will have relatively wide shoulders, flaring lats, a small
waist-hip structure, and generally small joints.
– A muscle that assists another muscle to accomplish