- Performing an exercise without going through a complete
range of motion either at the beginning or end of a rep.
- The inability for a biarticulate muscle to stretch enough
to complete full range of motion in both joints simultaneously.
Also see tension potential.
- Exercising a muscle until it cramps by using shortened
movements. Pecs - Abbreviation for pectoral muscles of
- Peripheral Heart Action; a system of training where
you go from one exercise to another, with little or no
rest, preferably alternating upper body and lower body
exercises. Designed for cardiovascular training and to
develop muscle mass.
- The flat discs placed on the ends of barbell and dumbbell
bars to increase the weight of the apparati. Although
some plates are made from vinyl-covered concrete, the
best and most durable plates are manufactured from metal.
- Where muscles are loaded suddenly and stretched, then
quickly contracted to produce a movement, Athletes who
must jump do these, i.e. jumping off bench to ground,
quickly rebounding to another bench.
Portion - The amount of carbohydrates or protein one should
eat with each meal. A portion is the size of the palm
of your hand or your clenched fist.
Each individual stance that a bodybuilder does onstage
in order to highlight his muscular development.
- Bodybuilders performing their poses at the same time
in a competition, trying to out pose one another.
Poundage - The amount of weight that you use in an exercise,
whether that weight is on a barbell, dumbbell, or exercise
- Strength + Speed.
- Three movements used in power lifting competition: the
squat, bench press and dead lift.
- A second form of competitive weightlifting (not contested
in the Olympics, however) featuring three lifts: the squat,
bench press, and dead lift. Power lifting is contested
both nationally and internationally in a wide variety
of weight classes for both men and women
- System of weight training using low repetitions, heavy
- The act of gradually adding to the amount of resistance
that you use in each exercise. Without consistent progression
in your workouts, you won't overload your muscles sufficiently
to promote optimum increases in hypertrophy.
- Method of training where weight is increased as muscles
gain strength and endurance, the backbone of all weight
– Internal rotation resulting in appendage facing
- Proteins are the building blocks of muscle, enzymes,
and sonic hormones. They are made up of amino acids and
are essential for growth and repair in the body. A gram
of protein contains four calories. Those from animal sources
contain the essential amino acids. Those from vegetable
sources contain some but not all of the essential amino
acids. Proteins are broken up by the body to produce amino
– Moving anteriorly (eg. Chin out)
– Nearest to the center, to the midline, or to the
point of attachment. The opposite of distal.
The tight, blood-congested feeling in a muscle after it
has been intensely trained. Muscle pump is caused by a
rapid influx of blood into the muscles to remove fatigue
toxins and replace supplies of fuel and oxygen. A good
muscle pump indicates that you have optimally worked a
- Slang meaning the muscles have been made large by increasing
blood supply to them through exercise.
- Phrase that has been in use since the 1950s, but recently
greatly popularized. Lifting weights.